Perception simply means the way in which we gain or get information about what is happening around us through five senses which are heaving, touch , smell sight and taste.
THE PERCEPTION PROCESS
Perception involves has 3 stages:
-Selection or selectivity
1) Selectivity: this involves choosing the right information. Many sensory stimuli around us yet we pay less attention on few of them. For example when you are so much interested in book there is possibility that you won`t hear sounds in the back ground.
Two factor that influence the selection process are:
1) Selective exposure: people choose to expose themselves to information they agree with and they ignore information that they do not agree with in other words they only want to expose themselves to information they already know and they are pleased with, anything that does please them they are not interested.
E.g: a person may be watching news he/she will only be interested in the news that interest him/her that when you attempt to talk to them they will silence you but if news reach a point he/she is no longer interested he/she will want to continue the conversation.
2) Selective attention: this is when people choose to see and hear what they want. They only concentrate to things that interest them and may tend to miss other things happening at the sometime because they may not interest them.
E.g: You are at a noisy party, with people chatting, music playing etc... Suddenly you hear your name being said across the room. You can immediately block out the other sound in order to know why your name is being mentioned you will no longer hear the chatting or the music
Everything we see, we see for the first time while some parts of a scene can relate to objects we have come across, we never see the same objects in the same condition in the same scene.
E.g: If a person witnesses a car accident maybe two months later he/she witnesses another car accidents in this scenario the cars are the repeating objects but the way the accident happened is different maybe even injures maybe different but they are both car accidents.
PERCEPTION INVOLVES INTEPRETATION
People are different and they all have their own perceptions and interpretation. The way I may respond to a situation is different from the way another person may respond.
E.g: Me and my friend John could be studying it may take John a few minutes to understand but it may take me the whole right. Or I could tell John a joke and he would laugh but if I told my friend Mike a joke he may get offended and it may be the same joke I told john.